Page 8 - Australian Pork Newspaper
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Winter is coming – prepare the farrowing house
AS the season dow- nunder starts to get cooler, it could be time to review your far- rowing house routines to make sure you’re giving all piglets the best chance of sur- vival.
lets with a temperature below 34C.
to regulate their body heat and saving that energy for finding a teat and taking in co- lostrum, ensuring them the best chance of sur- vival.
the piglets’ growth.
It can be a good idea to put down saw dust and drying powder or similar materials on the flooring where the piglets are prone to lay, and replenish this as
cardboard or foam. Once farrowing has finished, this material can be removed from
It is the ‘one per- centers’ that will make a difference to your farrowing house per- formance after all and, only a few degrees below what the piglets’ optimal environmental temperature is, can mean a big difference to your bottom line.
The placement of heat lamps around the back and side of the sow can stimulate the pig- lets into moving into the creep area and away from the ‘danger zone’, whereby they risk being crushed by the sow or against the crate.
If you see piglets that are newly born and not in their creep area – move them.
soon as it is wet.
More recent on-farm
tions by farrowing house staff can help piglet survival when the weather gets colder.
Further Danish pig research centre studies have shown that addi- tional heating during the farrowing pro- cedure can increase piglet survivability.
the pen.
Small additional ac-
Of course, winter in Australia is hardly comparable to winter here in Denmark, but the principles remain the same – tempera-
The piglet’s rectal temperature two hours after farrowing indi- cates its chance of sur- vival.
This number in- creased to 39 percent when piglet rectal tem- perature was between 34-36C and 100 per- cent mortality of pig-
The additional heat also helps the piglets dry quicker, thereby the piglets are less sus- ceptible to losing too much energy by trying
This can be a little harder to do in the colder months of year when the air can have a lot of moisture in it but keeping the creep dry can reduce the chance of naval infections, umbilical hernias and other such conditions that negatively affect
These measures don’t have to be expensive – if additional heat from a lamp is not a possi- bility, consider placing straw behind the sow when farrowing be- gins, or even a sheet of
Encourage the piglets into a warm and dry creep and away from the sow to both in- crease their body tem- perature and keep them safe from the risk of overlaying.
ture changes can mean a difference to piglet survivability.
With a rectal tem- perature of 36.5C, 11 percent of the piglets in this Sørensen et al 2016 study died before weaning.
Make sure that the areas in which the pig- lets are laying are com- pletely clean and dry.
studies in Denmark have shown that any- thing that can help to insulate newborn pig- lets prior to using too much energy reserves will increase their chance of surviving.
The key is to get the piglet dry as quickly as possible and provide enough heat and insu- lation so that they do not waste precious en- ergy reserves trying to stay warm.
Anything below 36C increases the chance of piglet mortality sig- nificantly.
ASF and FMD found
in pork products at
border seizure
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AFRICAN swine fever and foot and mouth dis- ease virus fragments have again been detected in pork products seized at Australia’s interna- tional mail centres, high- lighting the significant risk these products pose for the nation.
spond should ASF or FMD ever be detected here, including recently running simulation exer- cises for the Australian pork industry,” Minister Littleproud said.
These findings do not change Australia’s FMD or ASF-free status.
“The Australian Gov- ernment has stepped up its biosecurity efforts through our $66.6 million ASF package, which has ramped up interventions at the border, targeted op- erations to detect fraudu- lently labelled imported product and testing more products.
Minister for Agriculture, Drought and Emergency Management David Lit- tleproud said FMD was considered the biggest animal disease threat to Australia’s agriculture.
“We have also increased penalties for travellers who do not declare high risk goods at the border and Australian Border Force officials can cancel visas and refuse entry to Australia for serious bios- ecurity breaches.
“An outbreak of FMD in Australia would lead to the closure of major live- stock, beef, lamb, dairy and pork export markets, with serious economic and social effects in other sec- tors, including tourism,” Minister Littleproud said.
“While these results do not confirm live infectious virus is present, it is a re- minder that we need eve- ryone to be more vigilant.
“Studies have estimated a large multi-state out- break of FMD in Aus- tralia could result in eco- nomic losses of $50 bil- lion dollars over 10 years and an outbreak of ASF could cost Australia $1.5- $2.03 billion dollars over five years.
“It is more important than ever that people do the right thing and don’t bring, mail or import il- legal pork or animal prod- ucts into Australia.
“Pork products were seized at international mail centres in Brisbane, Perth, Sydney and Mel- bourne over two two-week periods over the recent holidays.”
“These findings high- light the need for Austral- ia’s livestock industries to maintain high biosecurity standards.
Overall, 24 percent of samples tested positive for ASF virus fragments and 1 percent tested positive for FMD virus fragments.
“Practices such as il- legal swill feeding have the potential to bring these diseases into their farms.”
In the first period of De- cember 2020, 19 of 94 pork samples or 20 per- cent tested positive for ASF virus fragments and none tested positive for FMD virus fragments.
Before you travel, check what can and cannot be brought into Australia.
In the second period from January-February 2020, 29 of 104 pork sam- ples or 28 percent tested positive for ASF virus fragments and two of 104 pork samples or 2 percent tested positive for FMD virus fragments.
If you are unsure about the biosecurity status of goods that you have brought into Australia or received in the mail, please report a biosecu- rity concern by calling our See Secure Report hotline on 1800 798 636 or completing the online reporting form at agri eases-weeds/report#form
People visiting or re- turning to Australia need to pay attention to bios- ecurity requirements.
Page 8 – Australian Pork Newspaper, May 2021
“We are ready to re-

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